** Progress in Earth and Planetary Science is the official journal of the Japan Geoscience Union, published in collaboration with its 50 society members.

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    • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
    • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
    • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
    • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
    • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

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    Space and planetary sciences


    Coupled investigations of ionosphere variations over European and Japanese regions: observations, comparative analysis, and validation of models and facilities

    Panasenko SV, Kotov DV, Otsuka Y, Yamamoto Y, Hashiguchi H, Richards PG, Truhlik V, Bogomaz OV, Shulha MO, Zhivolup TG, Domnin IFSergii V. Panasenko, Dmytro V. Kotov, Yuichi Otsuka, Mamoru Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi, Philip G. Richards, Vladimir Truhlik, Oleksandr V. Bogomaz, Maryna O. Shulha, Taras G. Zhivolup & Igor F. Domnin

    Ionosphere, topside ionosphere, IRI model, FLIP model, incoherent scatter radar, DMSP, Swarm, NRLMSISE-00

    Diurnal variations of electron and ion temperature, and electron density on September 5-6, 2017. Incoherent scatter radar and satellite observations are compared with empirical and physical models.

    This paper presents the results of a coordinated measurement campaign with ground based and satellite observations over European and Japanese regions during September 5–6, 2017. Two incoherent scatter radars, two satellite missions, International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2016) empirical model, and Field Line Interhemispheric Plasma (FLIP) physical model were employed to examine the regular behavior of the F2-layer peak height and density and the topside ionosphere electron density, electron, and ion temperatures as well as traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs). The daily ionospheric variations over Kharkiv and Shigaraki exhibited similar behavior qualitatively and quantitatively. The results show that none of the empirical IRI-2016 models of F2-layer peak height, topside electron density, and temperature can be preferred for predicting the key qualitative features of variations in ionospheric plasma parameters over Kharkiv and Shigaraki. The likely reason is rapid day to day changes in solar activity and series of moderate enhancements of magnetic activity occurring in the observation period and preceding days. Compared with IRI-2016 model, the FLIP physical model was shown to provide the best agreement with the observations when constrained to follow the observed diurnal variations of F2-layer peak height both over Europe and Japan. This paper presents the first direct comparison of the mid-latitude electron density measured by the Swarm satellite with incoherent scatter radar data and it confirms the high quality of the space-borne data. For the first time, evidence of the possible need to increase the neutral hydrogen density in NRLMSISE-00 model by at least a factor of 2 was obtained for the Asian longitudinal sector. The TIDs, which have predominant periods of about 50 min over Europe and 80 min over Japan, were detected, likely caused by passage of the solar terminator. Such a difference in the periods could indicate regional features and is the topic for further research.