** Progress in Earth and Planetary Science is the official journal of the Japan Geoscience Union, published in collaboration with its 50 society members.

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    • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
    • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
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    Methodology

    Space and planetary sciences

    Segmentation of dust storm areas on Mars images using principal component analysis and neural network

    Gichu R, Ogohara K

    Mars, Dust storm, Segmentation, Machine learning, Principal component analysis

    We present a method for automated segmentation of dust storm areas on Mars images observed by an orbiter. We divide them into small patches. Normal basis vectors are obtained from the many small patches by principal component analysis. We train a classifier using coefficients of these basis vectors as feature vectors. All patches in test images are categorized into one of the dust storm, cloud, and surface classes by the classifier. Each pixel may be included in several dust storm patches. The pixel is classified as a dust storm or the other classes based on the number of dust storm patches that include the pixel. We evaluate the segmentation method by the receiver operator characteristic curve and the area under the curve (AUC). AUC for dust storm is 0.947–0.978 if dust storm areas determined by our visual inspection are assumed to be ground truth. Precision, recall, and F-measure for dust storm are 0.88, 0.84, and 0.86, respectively, if we remove false negative pixels efficiently and maintain the size of true positive dust storms using two different threshold values. The tuning parameters of the classifier used in this study are determined so that the accuracy for dust storm is maximized. We can also tune the classifier for cloud segmentation by changing the parameters.